Vijaya Dashmi: A Victory over one’s own Evil

A stone carving depicting battle between Ma Durga and Mahishasura at Mahabalipuram,TamilNadu
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दशहरा की शुभकामनाएं…

Dusshera,Durgotsav,Dashahara,Vijayadashmi is celebrated all over India in various rituals,traditions with the common idea/message of victory of Dharma(righteousness) over Adharma(unrighteousness).As per the Hindu Calendar(Panchang), VijayaDashmi  is celebrated on the Ashwin, Shukla Dashmi.

Navaratri or Nava-Durga celebrated in Gujarat which is dedicated to nine-forms of Adi-Shakti or the Divine Mother represents unique interconnected symbolism and deeper significance.Ma Bramcharini, one out of the nine forms of Adi-Shakti is worshiped on second day of Navratri. In this avatar, Durga embodies tapa or penance. The name Bramcharni is derived from two words Bramha means tapa or penance and Charini means an ardent female follower. In the form of Shakti, the avatar inspires devotees to provide them strength and determination to observe nine day fast while abstaining from food or even water in some cases. This avatar teaches us penance, devotion, solitude and  also the thought of not abandoning one’s duties  when faced with severe adversities.

Durgapuja celebrated in eastern India holds a great sacred nature  and associated story of Mahishasuramardini representing a nine day long battle with different asuras and demons. The popularly known Saptshati central to navaratri rituals is recited all along the nine days. The text Saptashati is not just about killings of Demons and asuras but has a deeper significance to it as well.The Story is divided in to three portions:  Prathama Charitra, Madhyama Charitra and Uttama Charitra with each portion narrating different aspect of the AdiShakti. The Madhyama Charitra describes story of how AdiShakti as Mahalakshmi destorys the Asura,Mahishasura. Mahisha in Sanskrit means ‘Buffalo’ which represents dullness and ego. Thus, Mahishasura is embodiment of dullness, pride and ego inside each individual. Mahalakshmi who is personification of Iccha-Shakti: the force of Will, power of mind is means to slay the demon of dullness and pride. Unless one practices different Upasnas  and the mind is made strong and the power of will is harnessed it becomes difficult to overcome this one’s own individual Asura Mahishasura.

The Vijayadashmi event also marks slaying of the Lanka-King Ravana by Shri. Ramachandra. King Ravana even though had knowledge of four Vedas and also a great ShivBhakt was killed by his own Ahamkara(ego) and the cruel act of kidnapping SitaMata.

In essennce, every year Vijayadashmi is celebrated with the prime and a broader concept of good, righteous, truth’s victory over evil, unrighteous, falsehood. Any inner faults or bad qualities viz. anger, jealousy, laziness, dullness, enemity, ego etc has to be overstepped on this auspicious day. A Individual may look at Shri. Ramachandra or Ma Durga in transgressing inner bad qualities or deeds as it would be one of the path of devotion towards Lord Rama and Ma Durga.

 

 

References:
Caṇḍika: The Story of Goddess Durgā & its Vedāntic Import

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